6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education https://www.icnaeducation.org/ 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education Tue, 20 Sep 2022 13:06:46 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=6.1.1 https://www.icnaeducation.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/cropped-favicon-32x32.png 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education https://www.icnaeducation.org/ 32 32 Lisbon Hidden Gems https://www.icnaeducation.org/lisbon/lisbon-hidden-gems/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 13:06:46 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=6528 The post Lisbon Hidden Gems appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Like every splendid capital city, Lisbon comes with an obligatory to do list. From its grand squares to St. George’s Castle on its highest point, Lisbon presents you with a set of glistening jewels and azulejo clad buildings. You’ll undoubtedly be dazzled.

National Tile Museum

Best Lisbon restaurant for: impeccable flavors
It boasts a dramatic setting, housed in an ancient 16th century convent, the Madre de Deus, built in the Manueline style. The convent church is a glittery Baroque showstopper with a Rococo altarpiece.
The convent cloister is less showy but more serenely beautiful. Blue and white azulejo tiles panels are everywhere.
Inside this hidden gem museum, every inch is covered with azulejos. The exhibits are arranged chronologically from the Moorish-influenced tiles of the 16th century to abstract designs of the 20th century.
The piece de resistance is a 75-foot-long panel depicting Lisbon as it existed before the great earthquake of 1755.

Palace of the Marquesses of Fronteira

Located just outside Lisbon’s historic center, and far from the madding crowd, lies the simply gorgeous 17th century Fronteira Palace.
It was built in 1640 as a swishy summer pad for a nobleman, D. Jaoa Mascarenhas, the 1st Marquis of Fronteira. And the current marquis still lives there.
The palace’s Room of Battles is sometimes described as “the Sistine Chapel of Tilework.” It depicts scenes from the Restoration War, the battle for Portuguese independence against the Spanish.

Quinta dos Azulejos Garden

The 18th century Quinta dos Azulejos Garden is a true Lisbon secret hidden gem. It’s so hidden that no one’s there. And it’s not in any guide books.
You’d have to dig deep for Quinta to be on your Lisbon radar. As a result, the garden’s an oasis of peace and tranquility, with the heady scent of jasmine wafting romantically in the air as an added bonus.

Museum of Decorative Arts

The petite 17th century Azurara Palace houses the luxurious Alfama Museum of Decorative Arts.
Besotted with strolling the medina-like lanes of the lively Alfama neighborhood, most people skip this stop. But I have a fondness for smaller museums, as you can tell from my blog.
This sweetbox is a house-museum that groans with blingy treasures. It displays the private decorative arts collection of Ricardo Ribeiro do Espírito Santo Silva. He was a nobleman and well-known art collector from the 20th century.
The outside isn’t too impressive. Inside, however, it’s one of Lisbon’s hidden gems.
It showcases carved wood furniture, tapestries, paintings, and china — all in the style of Versailles. It’s a microcosm of how Portuguese nobility lived in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Street Art of Bordalo II

Lisbon is now a city renowned for its street art. One of its most famous sons is Bordalo II, who plays in the trash.
Bordalo II is known for creating works of art from “waste” as a statement on the impact of consumerism.
He subscribes to the view that “one man’s trash is another man’s treasure.”

Ler Devagar Bookstore at LX Factory

Livraria Ler Devagar, which means “slow reading, “is considered one of most beautiful bookstores in the world. It’s in Lisbon’s hipster LX Factory.
This is a former industrial complex turned artistic hub. It’s located under the 25th of April Bridge. If you’re not a hipster, it’s also a great spot for bibliophiles like me.
There are books crammed floor to ceiling in the three-story bookstore, with a few bars tucked in for good measure.
Check out the antique printing press doubling as a column and a bicycle flying from the ceiling. You can have a coffee and cozy up with a good book. Or chat with friends at one of the bookstore’s many tables.

Livraria Bertrand

Livraria Bertrand is the world’s oldest bookstore. It’s tucked away in Lisbon’s Chiado neighborhood.
I was rather enchanted by Chiado with its lovely cafes, chic art galleries, and tony boutiques. It felt like a miniature Paris to me.
Livraria Bertrand opened its doors in 1732. It was destroyed by the 1755 earthquake, but rebuilt in its current location.
Books are everywhere, tucked into odd shaped nooks. There’s an ancient magic to its walls and vaulted ceilings. And it’s not oppressively crowded like the more famous Livraria Lello in Porto.

Livraria Simão

Continuing on the bookstore theme, Lisbon also has one of the world’s tiniest and most whimsical bookshops, Livraria Simão.
Only one person can fit inside it. Despite its diminutive size, there are 4,000 books. Most of them are in Portuguese, but there are some in other languages.

The Geographical Society of Lisbon, Portugal Room

History buffs will enjoy this secret and rather eccentric site. Founded in 1875, the Geographical Society of Lisbon is the research nest and unofficial scholarly headquarters of Portugal’s Age of Discovery.
The Portuguese were accomplished sailers. This museum is an ode to their colonization and expansion efforts.

Miradouro da Graça

Lisbon’s true beauty lies in its laid-back artistic ensemble more than any specific sites. Among other things, Lisbon boasts 30+ miradouros with dramatic sweeping views.
The most popular miradouros can be over-touristed. Instead, head to Graça, a funky neighborhood adjacent to Alfama. It’s off the usual tourist track and has an authentic local flavor.

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Dinning in Lisbon https://www.icnaeducation.org/lisbon/dinning-in-lisbon/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 12:20:09 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=6516 The post Dinning in Lisbon appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


There’s no denying that Lisbon is home to some of the best restaurants in Europe, and arguably the world. Before the pandemic hit in 2020, the city was on a roll with new openings – Prado opened in late-2017, while 100 Manieras came in 2019 – but Covid slowed growth for many eateries. Two years on, recovery is back on track and this year has seen bigger strides than ever in cementing the city as a food hotspot, helped immensely by new crowds descending upon the cobbled streets once more.

Most people visiting Lisbon will want to try some form of traditional food at one of the city’s tascas – typical casual eateries serving very local dishes such as bacalhau (salted cod) and prego or bifana (beef or pork sandwiches). Those who are more familiar with the city, or want to experience everything on offer, might prefer one of the many modern or Michelin-starred restaurants on offer. Just like the city itself, Lisbon’s food scene is varied and exciting – and you can go from knocking back ginjinha (cherry liqueur) with locals to sipping wine at a tasting menu within the space of 24 hours. Whatever you’re looking for, these are the Lisbon restaurants we have tried and tested, and would recommend to anyone visiting the city


Best Lisbon restaurant for: impeccable flavors
The Bairro Alto Hotel is one of the best hotels in Lisbon, and while hotel restaurants can be hit or miss, BAHR is a triumph. The decor – all curved ceilings, cosy corners and oversized wooden bar – is immediately welcoming, but some diners may prefer to skip the interiors and instead dine on the terrace, with a view of the city and Tagus River. Either way, your attention will soon be drawn back in by the menu headed up by chef Bruno Rochas which features a twist on classic Portuguese cuisine, resulting in dishes such as garlicky grilled squid with runner beans and turnip, raw beef ‘pica-pau’ taco with just a hint of pineapple and buttery wild turbot with green kale sauce and chorizo – the latter of which comes highly recommended. For post- or pre-dinner cocktails, head to the hotel’s new 18.68 cocktail bar for art deco-style interiors and an inventive list from head bartender Tiago Santos, which is inspired by the building’s history as a former fire station.

Address: Praça Luís de Camões nº 2, 1200-243 Lisbon

O Velho Eurico

Best Lisbon restaurant for: hanging with the locals
Walking into O Velho Eurico almost feels like you’ve stumbled upon a local secret; but my goodness, what a find. The cosy restaurant, hidden in a corner on the way to São Jorge Castle, is filled to the brim every night with locals keen to enjoy a twist on classic Portuguese dishes. The menu has some mainstays, such as bacalhau à brás (a classic dish made from shreds of salted cod, onions and thinly chopped fried potatoes) and bolo lêve do chambão (beef shank sando), but dishes are updated or changed relatively recently; on my most recent visit, I was particularly taken with the squirty fries (topped with cheese and a tomato-based gravy) and choco alhado (cuttlefish and garlic). Best enjoyed with a group of friends so you can order at least one of everything, settle in for the evening and soak up the fun, relaxed atmosphere alongside the young chefs and owners.

Address: Largo São Cristóvão nº3, 1100-179 Lisbon


Best Lisbon restaurant for: a special occasion
Recently awarded number 46 on the annual list of the World’s 50 Best Restaurants, Belcanto was the first restaurant in Lisbon to earn two Michelin stars. Chef Jose Avillez is practically a celebrity in Lisbon, so expectations are high – and Belcanto doesn’t disappoint. Interiors are chic and grand, without feeling stuffy. Meanwhile, service is impeccable; the wait staff are friendly but not overbearing, and share information about each dish without disturbing your evening.
Diners can choose from three tasting menus, or a la carte – but the former is the real treat. The Evolution menu combines Portuguese flavours with new textures; expect plump scarlet shrimp served in a curry sauce with apple, delicate minced squid housed in incredibly crunchy roasted chicken skin and perfectly-cooked crispy suckling pig with puffed potatoes, all served with impeccable Portuguese wines, should you opt for the wine pairing. If you want to splurge on one of the best meals in Lisbon, this is the place to go.

Address: R. Serpa Pinto 10A, 1200-026 Lisbon

Ofício Tasco Atípico

Best Lisbon restaurant for: unique dishes
The newly-reopened Ofício is so popular with locals that it’s booked up weeks in advance, but it’s well worth trying to get hold of a table to sample the inventive cuisine and soak up the fun atmosphere. The menu has more ‘must-try dishes’ than most in the city; the Alheira sausage croquette, which hides a runny quail’s egg at its centre like a Portuguese version of a scotch egg, is impeccable, while crispy crackling and stuffed spider crab from the Algarve shouldn’t be missed. No meal is complete, though, without a slice (or whole, if you can manage it) of the cheese tart; a dense, slightly sweet and entirely creamy dessert dreamt up during the second lockdown by chef Hugo Candeias. Despite the fact that they’re full to the brim with diners, staff will be only too happy to talk passionately about the flavours and ingredients in the dishes, or share a wine pairing recommendation – make the most of their knowledge and pick their brains as they bring your plates.

Address: R. Nova da Trindade 11k, 1200-301 Lisbon


Best Lisbon restaurant for: tasting menus
Opened in 2018 by couple Agnes and Alexis Bourrat, BouBou’s is a family affair – Alexis’ sister Charlie Bourrat hand-picks wines for the restaurant, while his other sister Louise heads up the kitchen, bringing her rebellious, experimental style to BouBou’s. The result is a fun, casual fine dining restaurant in arguably the most food-focused district in Lisbon.
If tasting menus are your thing, this one is truly impeccable. Dishes are varied, fun and full of flavour, with a focus on seasonal produce and zero waste. The restaurant isn’t vegetarian, but there’s a tendency to lean toward veggie-heavy dishes – expect sweet potato served with coconut tiger milk and kaffir lime, and a nori taco with kimchi rice and glazed seitan – although it’s one of the few times checking out the menu beforehand isn’t advised, so you can be pleasantly surprised by each dish. The wine pairing is also highly recommended; our sommelier carefully talked us through every glass (all Portuguese, of course), and each was more delicious than the last. Tip: grab a table overlooking the open kitchen to watch the slick kitchen action – and work up more of an appetite.

Address: R. Monte Olivete 32A, 1200-280 Lisbon


Best Lisbon restaurant for: a small but perfectly-formed menu
There’s something incredibly satisfying about wandering the streets of a new city and finding a great eatery, and this little-known secret is one I’m only too willing to share. Hidden away on a residential street in the Anjos area of Lisbon, Trinca is a modern small plates restaurant in a traditional building. Serving up world dishes heavily inspired by South American, Japanese and, of course, Portuguese cuisines, diners can expect dishes such as prawn ceviche, vindaloo pork ribs and Katsu sandos. The wine selection is also excellent, and the friendly and passionate staff help to make an evening here feel like a night with friends, even if you’re solo dining.

Address: Rua dos Anjos 59C, 1150-034 Lisbon

Casa Reîa

Best Lisbon restaurant for: beachside dining
Is there a better setting for a restaurant than the beachfront? While the city has endless foodie options, there’s something extra special about dining with the sound of the waves, and this new opening has taken that sunshine feeling and enhanced it, with rattan furniture, friendly staff and fresh flavours. Start with oysters (of course), and move on to sharing plates; zucchini baba-ganoush with mint and raspberries, Seabass sashimi with green apple, celery and fennel and a green summer salad with nectarines, yellow zucchini and smoked chickpeas. The seafood rice, with juicy prawns and chunks of octopus, is the stand-out dish on the menu from chefs Dario Costa and Udi Barkan and Pedro Henrique Lima. Best of all, the restaurant spills onto the sands, so you can head towards the water after your meal with a cocktail in hand.

Address: Praia da Cabana do Pescador, 2825-491 Costa da Caparica

Aura Dim Sum

Best Lisbon restaurant for: dim sum sharing
Asian food is still relatively few and far between in Lisbon when compared with other capital cities, so this new opening will be welcomed by locals who discovered the restaurant during lockdown when they made a name for themselves by delivering their dim sum frozen with cooking instructions. Before then, owners Catarina and Jose had opened the first dim sum bar in Brazil, but the move to Portugal was unfortunately timed due to Covid. Now though, they’re finally reaping the rewards of their hard work with a sleek restaurant in Lisbon’s old town of Alfama. Dishes include classic dim sum offerings, including flavoursome shumai and doughy, almost sweet mushroom bao. Tip: the black sesame ice cream to finish your meal is a must.

Address: R. das Escolas Gerais 88A, 1100-215 Lisbon


Best Lisbon restaurant for: farm-to-table cooking
Prado is the Portuguese word for “meadow”, and the restaurant applies a local focus on everything they serve thanks to partnerships with local farmers, fishermen and wine producers. This means their menu is proudly 100 per cent Portuguese and features dishes such as pumpkin with whey and toasted butter, fish with lobster emulsion and brioche with white port and chocolate. Before joining Prado, Chef António Galapito worked with hometown hero Nuno Mendes and brings a versatile and varied passion for food that’s evident in the menu and beautifully-presented dishes. Ideally, you’ll want to bring a few friends so that you can sample them all and soak the creative, hip and fun atmosphere as part of a crowd – plus indulge in a bottle of wine or two, with help from the knowledgable sommelier.

Address: Tv. Pedras Negras 2, 1100-404 Lisbon

Cervejaria Ramiro

Best Lisbon restaurant for: seafood
When Anthony Bourdain visited Ramiro in 2013 during filming for his show No Reservations, he turned the local cervejaria (beer bar) into a must-visit restaurant for tourists and locals. Despite the name, Ramiro serves up truly incredible seafood, including lobster, prawns and crab – all served by the kilogram (and therefore best enjoyed with a larger group). Most diners skip dessert and instead opt for a Prego – a beef sandwich served with mustard – which is, to this day, the best I’ve ever tasted in Lisbon. The restaurant covers three floors, but you should expect to queue before you manage to score a table.

Address: Av. Alm. Reis 1 H, 1150-007 Lisbon

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Lisbon Attraction https://www.icnaeducation.org/lisbon/lisbon-attraction/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 12:00:03 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=6499 The post Lisbon Attraction appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Castelo de São Jorge: An Iconic Landmark

The most recognized of Lisbon’s major attractions, St. George’s Castle commands a glorious position near Alfama on the crown of a hill overlooking the Portuguese capital.
This is one of Lisbon’s most popular tourist destinations. Its impressive battlements, engaging museum, and fascinating archaeological site combine to make the castle a rewarding experience for the whole family, and kids especially will love clambering over the sturdy walls and towers that encircle the grounds.
There’s been a stronghold on this site since the Iron Age, but it was a castle that the Moors defended against invading Christian forces before finally being overrun in 1147 by Afonso Henriques. The victorious king built the Aláçova Palace, home to subsequent monarchs until a new royal residence was constructed near the river. (The palace foundations form part of the excavations seen today.)
For the most part, visitors are happy enough to admire the fabulous views from the observation terrace that affords an uninterrupted panorama of the city, the River Tagus, and the distant Atlantic Ocean.
For a different perspective, there’s a Camera Obscura periscope, housed in one of the towers, which provides viewers with an unusual 360-degree projected view of the city below.

Mosteiro dos Jerónimos: Built in Honor of Portugal’s Age of Discovery

A highlight of any Lisbon sightseeing tour, the 16th-century Jerónimos monastery is one of the great landmarks of Portugal, a stunning monument of immense historic and cultural significance deserving of its UNESCO World Heritage Site accolade.
Near the riverfront in Lisbon’s attractive Belém neighborhood, the monastery, also known as the Hieronymite convent, was commissioned by King Manuel I in 1501. Built to honor Vasco da Gama’s epic 1498 voyage to India, Jerónimos is as much a symbol of the wealth of the Age of Discovery as it is a house of worship (construction was mostly funded by trade in the spices brought back by da Gama).
Star features of the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos include the fantastically elaborate south portal and the beautiful and serene Manueline cloister. Vasco da Gama’s tomb lies just inside the entrance to Santa Maria church.

Oceanário de Lisboa: A Modern Aquarium

The Lisbon Oceanarium is one of Europe’s finest aquariums, and one of the largest in the world. It’s also arguably the most family-orientated of all the city’s visitor attractions.
Designed by Peter Chermayeff and built for the Expo 98 World Exposition in an area now known as Parque das Nações, the oceanarium is home to a mind-boggling array of fish and marine animals, including dozens of different species of birds.
The ingenious layout represents four separate sea- and landscapes, effectively the habitats of the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Antarctic oceans. These surround an enormous central tank teeming with fish of all shapes and sizes including graceful rays, bulbous sunfish, and sleek sharks — kids’ favorite denizens of the deep.
The wraparound plexiglass allows a fantastic close-up view of this magical undersea world, but you should also seek out less obvious, but no less extraordinary species housed in smaller aquaria, such as the exquisitely delicate sea dragon and the comic clownfish.
The different ecosystems are a delight to explore. The Antarctic habitat, for example, showcases playful penguins, while a pair of spirited sea otters steals the show in the Pacific tank.
The Oceanário de Lisboa actively promotes conservation of the world’s oceans, and besides its envious reputation as one of Portugal’s most popular tourist attractions, has garnered global praise for its marine environmental awareness campaigns. But most of all, it’s seriously good fun.

Museu Calouste Gulbenkian: A Priceless Collection of Western and Eastern Art

A sparkling gem in Lisbon’s cultural crown, the Museu Calouste Gulbenkian is also one of the most celebrated museums in Europe. The facility, sited in a lush, verdant park in the north of the city, is named after Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian, an Armenian oil magnate born in 1869, who bequeathed his vast private art collection to Portugal shortly before his death in 1955. Following the terms of this endowment a foundation was created, the centerpiece of which is this purpose-built arts complex.
Gulbenkian’s astonishing hoard features priceless artworks from around the world, which span 4000 years, from ancient Egyptian times to the late 20th century. With so many pieces from so many different periods in history to absorb, you can easily spend half a day browsing the exhibition galleries, but your patience will be rewarded with a mesmerizing journey through one of the finest collections of art on the continent.
Outstanding highlights in the Classical and Oriental Art galleries include 11 Roman medallions, part of a hoard unearthed in Abu Qir, in Egypt, struck to commemorate the Olympic games held in Macedonia in AD 242. The 17th-century Persian and Turkish carpets on display are some of the best preserved in the world and clear evidence of Gulbenkian’s keen interest in Islamic art.

. Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga: The National Museum of Ancient Art

The National Museum of Ancient Art is one of Lisbon’s great cultural attractions, and a “must see” on any tourist itinerary. This is Portugal’s national gallery and houses the largest collection of Portuguese 15th- and 16th-century paintings in the country. An equally impressive display of European, Oriental, and African art adds to the allure.
The museum is set west of the city center within a 17th-century palace, itself built over the remains of the Saint Albert Carmelite monastery, which was virtually destroyed in the 1755 earthquake. Fortunately, the chapel survived and is integrated into the building.
Set over three levels, the extensive permanent collection requires a good two hours of your time. Begin by exploring the aforementioned St. Albert Chapel on Level 1 and then meander through rooms exhibiting Portuguese applied art: furniture, tapestries, and textiles, among other objects, many reflecting the influences of Portugal’s colonial explorations. (Look out for the exquisite 17th-century casket from India crafted in silver gilt.)
Indeed, Level 1 houses some truly remarkable works. Notable pieces here include Hans Holbein the Elder’s Virgin and Child with Saints (1519) and the beautiful 1521 portrait of St. Jerome by Albrecht Dürer. The astonishing fantasy that is The Temptations of St. Anthony (c.1500) by Hieronymus Bosch is a highlight.
Jewelry, ceramics, gold, silverware, and art from the Portuguese Discoveries all hold the gaze on Level 2, but make a point of studying the fascinating 16th-century Japanese Namban screens that illustrate the Portuguese trading in Japan.
Level 3 is devoted to Portuguese painting and sculpture. The “don’t miss” treasure is the altarpiece that portrays the Panels of Saint Vincent, painted in 1470-80 by Nuno Gonçalves, the official artist for King D. Afonso V.
The gardens at the rear of the museum deserve a mention. Fine views of the river can be enjoyed from the terrace, and there’s a café where you can relax and contemplate the visual feast just encountered.

Museu do Oriente: Showcasing Portugal’s Presence in Asia and the Far East

West of the city center, near Alcântara, and housing a fabulous collection of oriental art built up by the influential Fundação Oriente, this engaging cultural facility chronicles Portugal’s presence in Asia and the Far East.
The permanent exhibition is set over two levels and grouped around several core areas of oriental art, particularly Chinese. Displayed under subdued lighting, but with individual pieces showcased under pinpoint spotlight, the collection takes you on an incredible journey that traces the cultural and trade links forged between Portugal and India, Japan, Myanmar, Macau, and Timor.
An enormous 17th-century teak door from India embellished with iron and bronze greets you on the First Floor, and opens the way into a hall that dazzles with artifacts such as the delicate Namban screen depicting Portuguese mariners disembarking from the Kurofune to be met by bemused Japanese locals.
Macau, a former Portuguese colony, is well represented by eye-catching pieces like the suspended boat-shaped cradle (c.1877) made from carved, lacquered, and golden oriental wood, cane, and iron.
Elsewhere, an impressive display of Chinese Ming and Qing-dynasty terra-cotta figurines is placed near a set of forbidding 17th-century Samurai chainmail armor.
But make a point of seeking out smaller pieces, items like the quirky collection of Chinese snuff boxes and the silver alloy bracelets from Timor.
The Second Floor houses the extensive Kwok Collection comprising more than 13,000 examples of figures and mythological beings cut from cowhide and parchment and used by puppeteers in shadow theaters from Turkey to Thailand.
The Orient Museum will absorb a couple of hours of your attention, but if you time a visit for mid-morning, you can pause for lunch in the 5th floor restaurant and relive the experience.

Torre de Belém: A Historic Tower

Arguably the most emblematic of all Lisbon’s historical monuments, the Belém Tower squats in the shallows near the mouth of the River Tagus as a symbol of Portugal’s extraordinary Age of Discovery during the 16th century.
Built in 1515-21 as a fortress and originally sited in the middle of the river (the watercourse has shifted over the years), the tower represents the highpoint of decorative Manueline architecture. Its ornate façade is adorned with fanciful maritime motifs — all twisted rope and armillary spheres carved out of stone.
Indeed, so valuable and iconic is this monument that it’s protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Set over various levels, the most interesting interior feature is the second-floor King’s Chamber, where the room opens onto a Renaissance loggia. The royal coat of arms of Manuel I is placed above the elegant arcades.
Climb the impossibly steep spiral staircase to the top-floor tower terrace, and you’re rewarded with a fine panorama of the waterfront esplanade and the river.

Museu Nacional do Azulejo: Dedicated to the Art of Decorative Tilework

Located somewhat off the tourist trail east of the city center, the National Tile Museum is worth seeking out for its unique collection of azulejos — decorative tiles — and the fabulously ornate Igreja Madre de Deus.
Housed within the church and cloisters of the Convento da Madre de Deus, this is the only museum in Portugal dedicated to this historic art form. The permanent exhibition traces the evolution of tile-making from Moorish days through Spanish influence and the emergence of Portugal’s own style.
Exhibited chronologically, some of the earliest example’s date from the 15th century and are displayed as complete panels of intricate patterns in vivid colors. Portuguese tile work features the more familiar blue and white azulejos, with one outstanding piece, a 36-meter tiled panorama of pre-earthquake Lisbon, one of the highlights of the collection.

Elevador de Santa Justa: An Antique Elevator with City Views

Looming somewhat incongruously over the rooftops of Lisbon’s Baixa (downtown) district is the odd-looking Santa Justa Lift, a neo-Gothic elevator and the most eccentric and novel means of public transport in the city.
At first glance, its riveted wrought-iron frame and battleship-grey paint conjure images of the Eiffel Tower in Paris, and there is a connection: the French architect Raoul Mésnier du Ponsard, an apprentice of Gustave Eiffel, designed the elevator, which was inaugurated in 1901. It was built as a means of connecting the Baixa with the Largo do Carmo in the Bairro Alto neighborhood, a trendy area of the city peppered with expensive shops, Fado houses, and small restaurants.
Today, it is curious tourists rather than the commuting public who make the 32-meter jaunt to the top, traveling in wood-paneled cabins that still feature the original polished brass instruments. The cabins creak their way to a platform set just below the top terrace. From here, passengers can either exit and walk across a bridge into Bairro Alto or opt to climb the spiral staircase that leads to the upper terrace.
The views from the top are superb and take in a busy urban canvas of pedestrianized streets, picturesque squares, and the omnipresent castle and River Tagus. You can also enjoy a wonderful perspective of the nearby Igreja do Carmo. Expect large queues throughout the summer season.
Another unique form of transport in Lisbon is the Elevador da Bica, a funicular railroad that was constructed by Raoul Mesnier de Ponsard and opened to the public in 1892. Today, it still rises above the steep Rua da Bica de Duarte Belo and whisks passengers up to a panoramic viewpoint. The lower station of this funicular railroad is almost hidden behind a facade on the Rua de S. Paulo with the inscription “Ascensor da Bica” (no. 234).
While here, it’s worth exploring this peaceful little quarter known as Bica, which runs down from the Calçada do Combro/Rua do Loreto to the Tagus. Only a few cars journey here due to its sloping topography, narrow streets, and densely packed buildings.

Sé: Lisbon’s Imposing Cathedral

In the city’s Castelo district near the ancient Alfama neighborhood, Lisbon’s fortified Romanesque cathedral — the Sé — has undergone several design makeovers since the original structure was consecrated in 1150. A series of earthquakes culminating in the devastating 1755 tremor completely destroyed that which stood in the 12th century.
What you see today is a blend of architectural styles, the standout features being the twin castellated bell towers that embellish the downtown skyline — particularly evocative in the late afternoon when a setting sun burnishes the brickwork with a golden veneer.
Inside, a resplendent rose window helps illuminate a rather gloomy interior, and you’re likely to head straight for the treasury where the cathedral’s most valuable artifacts are on display, items that include silverware made up of chalices and reliquaries, intricately embroidered vestments, statuary, and a number of rare illustrated manuscripts.
It’s also worth lingering in the Gothic cloister, not so much for its series of chapels (including one that retains its 13th-century wrought-iron gate), but for the fact that on-site excavations have revealed the foundations of Roman and Moorish dwellings (the cathedral was built over the ruins of a mosque) and the archaeological dig is a worthwhile visitor attraction in its own right.

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Brussels Hidden Gems https://www.icnaeducation.org/brussels/brussels-hidden-gems/ Sun, 06 Mar 2022 05:52:28 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=6235 The post Brussels Hidden Gems appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Take a walk at the edge of Brussels

Brussels is one of the greenest capitals in Europe.here is even a ‘be green map’ where you can locate Brussel’s greenest places.One of its parks I enjoy the most is the Duden park. It’s one of the oldest in town, and also one of the hilliest. These remains of an old forest once belonged to a rich lace merchant, Guillaume Duden who donated it to King Leopold II on the condition it would be turned into a public park carrying his name, and so it happened a century ago.

Brussels Grote Markt

De Grote Mark is a really enchanting place. The City Hall, or Hotel de Ville, is the most impressive building in the square and it is a sight to behold inside and out. The Gothic architecture of its exterior will capture your attention on each and every tiny detail. Inside, sculptures, old tapestries and paintings adorn the walls. The tales told during the guided tour make it come to life, from Renaissance to present day.

Several of the other buildings at De Grote Markt are guildhalls, used long ago by early professionals to perfect their craft and pass their knowledge to future generations. You can spot them by the gold details on the facades. Directly across from the City Hall, another building captures our attention: the Bread house or Broodhuis which today hosts the Museum of the City of Brussels.

From necropolis to jungle

More than 200 different plant species can be found. They overgrow the dilapidated tombstones, chapels, mausoleums, and rusty Jesuses. this 1866 graveyard has slowly grown into a unique jungle since it was closed down in 1958.

Centraal Brussels Station

Brussels Central Station, officially Brussels Central, is a railway and metro station in central Brussels, Belgium. It is the second busiest railway station in Belgium and one of three principal railway stations in Brussels, together with Brussels-South and Brussels-North.


Vilvorde, historically known as Filford in English, is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of Flemish Brabant. The municipality comprises the city of Vilvoorde proper with its two outlying quarters of Koningslo and Houtem and the small town of Peutie. The nickname for inhabitants of Vilvoorde is Pjeirefretters (horse eaters) because horse meat (specially steak) is a beloved food in Vilvoorde.

Coffee at the counter

I love standing at the bar, selecting my coffee from one of the 20 or so varieties available, and soaking in the atmosphere of its refreshingly diverse clientele. The strong aroma of coffee creates an oasis of contemplation amid the hustle and bustle of the city’s medieval center.

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Brussels Attractions https://www.icnaeducation.org/brussels/brussels-attractions/ Sun, 06 Mar 2022 05:49:12 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=6223 The post Brussels Attractions appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Grand Place (Grote Markt)

Right in the heart of Brussels Old Town, the city’s main plaza (known as Grand Place) is one of the best preserved in Europe. Much of the square’s elegant character is due to the unique architecture of its elegant Gildehuizen (guild houses) with their magnificent gables, pilasters, and balustrades, ornately carved stonework, and rich gold decoration. Most were built between 1696 and 1700 in the Baroque style but with some Flemish influences. The history of the Grand Place dates back much earlier though. It was first established in the 11th century and evolved soon after, to become the political and economic center for the city.

The most recognizable building on the square is the Hôtel de Ville (Town Hall), built in 1402 with the intention of upstaging the Stadhuis in the rival city of Bruges. Inside are several magnificent rooms. Among the most impressive are the Maximilian Chamber, hung with Brussels tapestries; the large Council Chamber with a superb ceiling by Victor Janssens and tapestries to his designs; the great banqueting hall and the Marriage Chamber, both beautifully paneled; and the Escalier d’Honneur, with murals illustrating the history of Brussels.

Mannekin Pis

Along the Rue de l’Etuve is Brussels’ best-known landmark, the Manneken Pis, usually besieged by a throng of tourists. Although he can be traced back to at least 1388, nothing much is known about the origin of the figure of a little boy urinating, popularly referred to as “the oldest citizen of Brussels.” The Manneken is, however, surrounded by various legends. According to one, the fountain is a memorial to a courageous infant who averted a conflagration, according to another, it commemorates the son of a count who succumbed to a pressing urge while taking part in a procession. The present statue was made in 1619 by Jérôme Duquesnoy the Elder and has been stolen on several occasions though always recovered. During major celebrations, events, and festivals in Brussels, the statue is famed for being dressed in costume.

Saint-Michel Cathedral (Sint-Michiels Kathedraal)

Dedicated to St. Michael and St. Gudula (the patron saints of Brussels) this Gothic church was first founded in 1225 but only completed in the 15th century. The facade is impressive, rising majestically above a broad flight of steps and crowned with twin 69-meter-high towers designed by Jan van Ruysbroeck. The beautifully proportioned interior (108 meters by 50 meters) is lavishly furnished and is home to some outstanding stained glass windows created by Bernard van Orley. Head to the transepts to see the finest examples depicting Charles V and Isabella of Portugal (south transept) and the Hungarian royal pair Louis II and Mary (north transept), and then into the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament, to the left of the choir, where the window illustrates the story of the Miracle of the Host.

Mini-Europe Park

Surprisingly, you’ll find the most penny-pinching way to see all of the continent’s most prized architectural achievements in the shadows of the Atomium. Suitable for both children and adults, the theme park Mini-Europe – and its adorable turtle mascot – present to you the ‘best of the best’, a pantheon of Europe’s most famous monuments, shrunken down to 1/25th of their size.

Cinquantenaire Park

The most regal-looking park in all of Brussels is again a brainchild of Leopold II. The Cinquantenaire Park’s grand triumphal arch commemorates Belgium’s 50th anniversary as a nation, and the historic goodness continues in three sprawling museums (Autoworld, the Royal Military Museum and the Cinquantenaire Museum). Sunny days see the vast lawns fill up with picnickers and frisbee players.

Château Royal

Although the Château Royal, home of the Belgian Royal Family, is not itself open to the public, the park surrounding it at Laeken is.

There are delightful footpaths and a number of attractions worth seeing, such as the monument to Leopold I at the center of the circular flowerbed in front of the palace.

The Japanese Tower, in the northernmost corner of the park, was originally built for the Paris Exhibition of 1900.

The hothouses, erected in Leopold II’s time, are the highlight of the gardens and are open to the public during April and May when many of the plants are in flower.


Along with Manneken Pis, the Atomium is Brussels’ best-known landmark attraction, and although it’s a bit of a journey by tram to get out here, the bizarre 102-meter-high steel and aluminum structure, designed by the architect André Waterkeyn for the 1958 Brussels World Exhibition, is the city’s most surreal sight. The building represents a molecule of iron magnified 165 million times, and visitors may enter the interior where four of the nine spheres are now used for the presentation of a show about human life called Biogenium.

Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert

Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert is Europe’s first covered shopping arcade and if you are a shopaholic you should totally visit this great spot in Brussels. Designed by architect Jean-Pierre Cluysenaer in the years of 1846 and 1847 and since then it attracts a lot of tourists every year. You must visit all the three galleries which are called The King’s Gallery, the Queen’s Gallery and the Prince’s Gallery on your shopping spree to make the most out of it.

Mont des Arts

The Mont des Arts was created between 1956 and 1958, occupying the elevated site between the Place Royale and the Place de l’Albertine. The architecturally imposing complex of large buildings includes the Bibliothèque Albert I and the strikingly modern Palais de la Dynastie and Palais de Congrès. From the square between them is a fine view of the lower central city. The Bibliothèque Albert I was founded during the period of Burgundian rule and comprises more than three million volumes together with a valuable collection of manuscripts and several interesting museums.

Notre-Dame du Sablon

The 15th- to 16th-century church of Notre-Dame du Sablon (Onze Lieve Vrouw op de Zavel), generally considered one of the loveliest Late Gothic churches in Belgium, was built as a replacement for a small chapel first erected on the sandy expanse of the Sablon by the Crossbowmen’s Guild in 1304. The interior of the church is breathtaking, in particular because of its marvelous stained glass. Also of interest is the burial chapel of the Thurn und Taxis family, partly the work of Luc Fayd’herbe. Kept in the sacrarium is a figure of the Virgin, a copy, so legend has it, of a Madonna brought to the chapel in 1348 by a woman from Antwerp, Baet Soetens, to whom the Virgin had appeared.

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Dining in Brussels https://www.icnaeducation.org/brussels/dining-in-brussels/ Sun, 06 Mar 2022 05:44:27 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=6210 The post Dining in Brussels appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.



The exciting three-course and à la carte menus alone have not won Comme Chez Soi such acclaim; equally impressive are the variety of exciting dining locations. The private rooms are ideal for intimate meals and banquets with their charming wood paneling and low-beamed ceilings. Less intimate and far less quiet is ‘the kitchen table’, quite literally a table in the kitchen where diners can admire the chefs at work as if they were on a theater stage. The main dining room is fashioned in the exotic art nouveau style of Victor Horta and is architecturally the most admirable of the three. Despite the awards and architecture, it is history that has assured Comme Chez Soi’s reputation. Since Georges Cuvelier gave the restaurant its name, which literally translates as ‘like home’, it has been passed down through the family and today it is run by Lionel Rigolet, a chef passionate about Belgium gastronomy.



The resulting dishes have been highly-praised and earned the restaurant a star in Michelin’s 2011 Belgium Guide. The dining room in this art nouveau house is small, seating only 40, but separating the kitchen from the dining room is a bar opening into the kitchen at which diners can sit and admire Hardiquest in his element alongside Chef Pâtissier, Nicolas Moreira.



Where better to forge a career and reputation out of seafood gastronomy than in a country that celebrates shellfish like no other? This year Yves Mattagne has been given two stars in the Michelin Guide and an award from Les Grandes Tables du Monde.
From his intimate and recently refurbished restaurant in the Radisson Hotel, Mattagne offers a changing and fresh seafood menu, but one fixture on the menu remains Mattagne’s dish extraordinaire: Homard à la Presse. This translates, with less delicacy, into ‘lobster press’, a contraption that is essential to this dish and used in only four other restaurants in the world. For lovers of lobster this is a must, not only for the exquisite taste but all the theatrics that go with it. When ordering ‘Homard à la Presse’ the lobster is brought to your table where it is pressed in the elegant silver device, the juices collected are then mixed into a fresh mousse that accompanies the meat. The result of this theatrical flair is an extraordinary dish with flavors you are unlikely to experience anywhere else.



La Truffe Noire is a restaurant dedicated to one ingredient – the truffle. After a relentless search to fuse black and white truffles with the finest ingredients in the most inventive menus, La Truffe Noire has finally been awarded a Michelin star for its work.
A range of tasting menus will open your eyes to the astonishing taste of black and white truffles. Try, for example, carpaccio of bleue des près (a rare variety of Belgian beef) with shaved black truffles, or carpaccio of wild salmon à la façon de Liugi with parmesan cheese and summer truffles. The truffle theme continues in the desert menu with delights such as black chocolate truffle in a spun sugar nest with fresh raspberry sauce. Private events at La Truffe Noire are as extravagant as the truffles themselves: a private dining room can accommodate up to 20 guests or the whole restaurant can be reserved for 50. Three types of inclusive menu – Silver, Gold and Platinum – ensure that any event is as memorable and impressive as this magical ingredient.



After opening its doors in May 2010, Alexandre had already been awarded a Michelin star by the time the guide was published in November of the same year.
To have achieved such a prestigious award after only five months bodes well for Alexandre’s future; indeed the restaurant is already well established on Brussels’s culinary map. Chef, founder and the man behind the restaurant’s name, Alexandre Dionisio, cooks according to the greatest principle of gastronomy: fresh and seasonal produce. The menus are built around the availability of fresh produce and are therefore subject to change on a daily basis.



In a nation that celebrates shellfish, oysters do not have the associated extravagance that they do elsewhere.
Instead, dining on oysters is often the norm – many of Brussels’s restaurants have oysters in addition to other shellfish. However, Toucan-sur-Mer is one restaurant that does not take oysters lightly; on their menu you can find more oysters than most know exist, such as Belon No 5 Cadoret, Colchester Naze, Normande Helie and Fine de Claire Barrau. These are preceded with a delightful variety of entrées, also emphasizing shellfish and accompanied by the restaurant’s carefully selected caviar and vodka. Toucan-sur-Mer is not to be missed by seafood lovers.


Le Rabassier

With two Michelin stars under its belt, it’s no wonder this chic little eatery has won the hearts – and stomachs – of foodies in Brussels. The star of the show is undoubtedly the restaurant’s specialty ingredient, the truffle. Guests can savor this in exquisitely crafted surf and turf dishes prepared with artistic flair. The plush atmosphere, impeccable service, and intimate setting of Le Rabassier make it the perfect choice for a romantic dinner for two. Whether you opt for the five, six, or seven-course menu, you are sure to embark on a gastronomic journey you will never forget; paired, of course, with the finest French wines. Just make sure to book ahead to avoid missing out.



With its sprawling tiled murals depicting amusing scenes of how the venue’s surf and turf are caught, Restaurant Vincent is bursting with character. The eatery specializes in traditional and hearty Belgian dishes with a focus on seafood and steaks. These are prepared in a traditional way without any fuss. That said, you can expect some theater when the meat is cut and flambéed by your table in the dining room. The menu features all the Belgian classics you might expect. These include Mussels Vincent served with a pesto and parmesan cheese topping, Américain préparé steak tartare, and Chateaubriand steak. There are also several vegetarian options on offer, too. Round off your feast with a delectable Crêpes Suzette – flambéed tableside – and you’re in for one unforgettable feast in Brussels.


Le Chou de Bruxelles

For hearty Belgian fare and authentic Belgian Ales, few places top this cozy hidden gem. Located between the Avenue Louise and Châtelain, Le Chou de Bruxelles is one of the best restaurants in Brussels for delving into the nation’s most popular dishes. These include cheese and shrimp croquettes, seafood casserole, and scampi with lobster sauce. The real star of the show, however, is the extensive moules frites menu. There are 30 different kinds to choose from that all come with homemade fries. This specialty dish has earned the restaurant a glowing reputation over the past 25 years. The charming, small garden terrace also attracts crowds of al fresco diners during warm sunny days. And with the three-course ‘Menu du chou‘ setting you back just €32, you certainly get a lot of bang for your buck.


Fin de Siècle

Another popular hidden gem that serves hearty Belgian classic without the eye-watering price tag is Fin de Siècle. The extremely generous portion sizes make this one of the most cherished restaurants in Brussels among locals and tourists, alike. The venue also boasts an impressive selection of authentic Belgian beers to enjoy with numerous local delicacies; including its famous classic sausage and stoemp (mashed potatoes) and carbonade flamande (beer-based hot pot). The decor is just as eclectic as the food; creating a cozy and rustic setting in which to enjoy all the culinary delights on offer. Just make sure you arrive early as the restaurant doesn’t take bookings and there is always a queue thanks to its popularity and location.

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Dining in London https://www.icnaeducation.org/4th-round/dining-in-london/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 00:24:39 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=5787 The post Dining in London appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


This is a city whose diners are adventurous to a fault, spawning all kinds of niche pop-ups and fleeting, Insta-fueled trends. Beyond the gimmicks, though, there’s a growing appreciation for ingredients and craft, whether it’s hand-rolled pasta at Padella or fiery clay-pot cooking at Kiln. Our list runs from Michelin-starred dining rooms to tiny neighborhood joints, serving exquisite tasting menus (see Pidgin) or terrific, offal-laced flatbreads with a side of Metallica (Lee Tiernan’s Black Axe Mangal, a cult address among chefs). Be prepared to book ahead—and where you can’t, to queue—but rest assured, it’s going to be worth it. Read on for our picks for where to eat when you’re in London.

108 Garage

Darkly atmospheric, thanks to the row of flickering votive candles and eccentric decorative touches, 108 Garage is the perfect spot to impress a date. Chef Chis Denney’s five-course tasting menu is furiously inventive, and the wine list offers a dozen options by the glass to pair with it. (Plus giant, inventively garnished gin and tonics.) The vibe is upscale but relaxed, and the dining experience is like no other—from the house sourdough all the way to dessert: a classic chocolate crémaux, audaciously twinned with artichoke ice-cream.

40 Maltby Street

It’s all about the natural wines and the serious talent in the kitchen at 40 Maltby Street, where trains rumble overhead and the decor’s strictly DIY (a tiny kitchen, home-made tables, and wine festival posters on the walls). You’ll find a scribbled blackboard by the bar, listing the menu—it changes daily. The wines are all sourced from small-scale producers, and there are half-a-dozen options by the glass and eight pages of bottles. Come here for a wine-fueled weekend lunch, with the Maltby market in full swing outside.


The constantly changing menu at Aulis—expect around 15 courses—is a chance for the chefs to let loose, experimenting with the best ingredients money can buy. It’s as much immersive theater as fine dining, with chefs cooking just across the counter. Come for a seamless succession of wildly inventive dishes that both look and taste exquisite, with a pairing of unusual but reliably delicious wine with each course.

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Bao Fitzrovia

At Bao Fitzrovia you’ll walk into an airy, stripped-back space, with stools around a U-shaped bar, where waiters will hand you a tick-box menu and a pencil. Our advice? Don’t panic and try to order all at once: you can—and should—add more dishes later. Naturally, you should start with a plump, pillowy bao or two, but don’t neglect the small plates or the larger main dishes (one should be enough for two people). Drop by for a quick dinner with friends, or a solo lunch at the bar.


Every dish has earned its place on the menu at Barrafina, a cult tapas bar with an ever-present queue, from the crisp-skinned chicken in Romesco sauce to the molten, magnificent tortilla. The best way to order it is to watch the chefs at work, and get whatever’s looking good. The convivial vibe makes solo dining an extra attractive prospect, but it’s also a great place to take a date (so you can share more plates).

Black Axe Mangal

Black Axe is a tiny, low-lit joint with a serious heavy metal habit. The vibe is “dive bar meets Chinese takeaway,” with black and gold walls, waving lucky cats, and floral plastic tablecloths, and there’s serious talent in the (small) kitchen. Come for a dinner big on flavors, spices, and offal, with every component slow-cooked, crafted, or smoked in house, or a more kid-friendly brunch of cinnamon-banana flatbreads. Service is fast, friendly, and suitably rock ‘n’ roll.

Claude Bosi at Bibendum

This is is just the place for a blow-out meal: one that starts with champagne and witty amuse-bouches, and ends with a show-stopping cheese trolley. Tables get booked up weeks ahead, and there’s a tangible air of expectation for the seven-course tasting menu that blends beautifully elaborate dishes with rustic French cooking. Service is smooth and formal, the sommelier is very helpful, and the meal is unforgettable. Even the set lunch menu feels gratifyingly grand.

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London Attraction https://www.icnaeducation.org/4th-round/london-attraction/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 00:23:39 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=5788 The post London Attraction appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Buckingham Palace and the Changing of the Guard

One of Britain’s most iconic buildings, Buckingham Palace is also the scene of London’s most popular display of pomp and circumstance, the Changing of the Guard. Drawing crowds at 11:30am in every season, this colorful and free display of precision marching and music also takes place at St. James’s Palace where you can follow the band along The Mall as they march between sites.

Buckingham Palace was built in 1837 and has been the London residence of the Royal Family since Queen Victoria’s accession. If you’re wondering whether the Queen is in, look at the flagpole at the top of the building: if the royal standard is flying day and night, she’s at home. On special state occasions, she and members of the Royal Family may even emerge on the central balcony.

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The Tower of London and Tower Bridge

From prison to palace, treasure vault to private zoo, the magnificent Tower of London has fulfilled many different roles down the centuries. One of Britain’s most iconic structures, this spectacular World Heritage Site offers hours of fascination for visitors curious about the country’s rich history – after all, so much of it happened here. Inside the massive White Tower, built in 1078 by William the Conqueror, is the 17th-century Line of Kings with its remarkable displays of royal armaments and armor. Other highlights include the famous Crown Jewels exhibition, the Beefeaters, the Royal Mint, and gruesome exhibits about the executions that took place on the grounds. The adjacent Tower Bridge, its two huge towers rising 200 feet above the River Thames, is one of London’s best-known landmarks.

The British Museum

Displaying one of the world’s finest collections of antiquities, the British Museum contains more than 13 million artifacts from the ancient world. With priceless objects from Assyria, Babylonia, China, Europe, and elsewhere, it’s hard to know where to begin. But most tourists head first for the museum’s most famous exhibits: the controversial Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon, the Rosetta Stone, the colossal bust of Ramesses II, the Egyptian mummies, and the spectacular hoard of 4th-century Roman silver known as the Mildenhall Treasure.

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Big Ben and Parliament

Nothing says “London” more emphatically than the 318-foot tower housing the giant clock and its resounding bell known as Big Ben. It’s as iconic a landmark as Tower Bridge. The tolling of Big Ben is known throughout the world as the time signal of BBC radio. Below it, stretching along the Thames, are the Houses of Parliament, seat of Britain’s government for many centuries and once the site of the royal Westminster Palace occupied by William the Conqueror. Tours of the parliament buildings offer a unique chance to see real-time debates and lively political discussions. From Parliament Square, Whitehall is lined by so many government buildings that its name has become synonymous with the British government.

National Gallery

Ranking among the top art museums in the world, London’s National Gallery represents an almost complete survey of European painting from 1260 until 1920. The museum’s greatest strengths are in its collections of Dutch Masters and Italian Schools of the 15th and 16th centuries. Among its highlights are a cartoon (preliminary sketch) of the Madonna and Child by Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo’s The Entombment, Botticelli’s Venus and Mars, van Gogh’s Sunflowers, and The Water-Lily Pond by Monet.

The Victoria and Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum (aka the V&A) is part of a South Kensington-based group of museums that includes the Natural History Museum and Science Museum. Founded in 1852, the V&A covers close to 13 acres and contains 145 galleries spanning some 5,000 years of art and related artifacts. Exhibits include ceramics and glass, textiles and costumes, silver and jewelry, ironwork, sculpture, prints, and photos.

Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square

Two of London’s best-known tourist spots, these famous squares lie not far apart and mark the gateways to Soho, London’s lively theater and entertainment district. Trafalgar Square was built to commemorate Lord Horatio Nelson’s victory over the French and Spanish at Trafalgar in 1805. Nelson’s Column, a 183-foot granite monument, overlooks the square’s fountains and bronze reliefs, which were cast from French cannons. Admiralty Arch, St. Martin-in-the-Fields, and the National Gallery surround the square. Piccadilly Circus marks the irregular intersection of several busy streets – Piccadilly, Regent, Haymarket, and Shaftesbury Avenue – and overlooking this somewhat untidy snarl of traffic stands London’s best-known sculpture, the winged Eros delicately balanced on one foot, bow poised. “It’s like Piccadilly Circus” is a common expression describing a busy and confusing scene.

The Two Tates: Tate Britain and Tate Modern

Once collectively known as the Tate Gallery, London’s two Tate galleries – Tate Britain and Tate Modern – comprise one of the world’s most important art collections. Opened in 1897 as the basis of a national collection of significant British art, the gallery continued to make acquisitions and needed more space to properly display its collections. The end result was the establishment of Tate Britain, in Millbank on the north side of the Thames, as home to its permanent collection of historic British paintings. A superbly transformed power station across the Thames became home to the modern art collections. Art lovers can spend a whole day viewing both sites, conveniently connected by high-speed ferry.

Westminster Abbey

Another location with a long association with British royalty, Westminster Abbey stands on a site that’s been associated with Christianity since the early 7th century. Officially known as the Collegiate Church of St. Peter in Westminster, Westminster Abbey was founded by Edward the Confessor in 1065 as his place of interment. From his burial in 1066 until that of George II almost 700 years later, most sovereigns were not only crowned here but they were buried here, too. More recently, it’s become famous as the preferred location for Royal Weddings.

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Churchill’s War Rooms

Among the most fascinating and evocative of London’s historic sites is the perfectly preserved nerve-center from which Prime Minister Winston Churchill directed the British military campaigns and the defense of his homeland throughout World War II. Their Spartan simplicity and cramped conditions underline the desperate position of England as the Nazi grip tightened across Europe. You’ll see the tiny cubicle where Churchill slept and the improvised radio studio where he broadcast his famous wartime speeches. Simple details, such as Clementine Churchill’s knitting wool marking the front lines on a map of Europe, bring the era to life as no museum could possibly do.

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London Hidden Gems https://www.icnaeducation.org/4th-round/london-hidden-gems/ Thu, 22 Jul 2021 00:21:58 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=5789 The post London Hidden Gems appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Below, you’ll find historic corners of London, hidden-away art and antiquities, curiosities and beautiful buildings that don’t appear on traditional tourist itineraries for London attractions.

Little Venice

Just as its name suggests, Little Venice is London’s answer to the famous Italian city. Home to various waterside cafes, pubs and restaurants, the area comes alive in the summer months as Londoners jump on canal boats or walk along the riverside to nearby Camden or Regent’s Park.

Camden Passage

Tucked behind Upper Street in Islington, Camden Passage is a real treasure trove of cute cafes, independent boutiques, vintage shops – where you’ll find everything from exquisite one-offs to fun party outfits – as well as an antiques market selling furniture, curios, war memorabilia and various bric-a-brac.

Pie and mash shops

It doesn’t get much more traditional London than a plate of pie, mash and the classic green liquor; maybe with a side of the cockney favourite, jellied eels. Here are seven of our favourites, from East End pie and mash shops to some more gastronomic takes on the classic.

The Thames Path

The Thames is home to many of London’s treasures, not many of them hidden, but the 40-mile-long Thames Path has many quieter spots to be discovered. The best way to explore is to hire a bike and cycle the length of the path, with public beaches, one of Charles Dickens’ favourite pubs (The Prospect of Whitby) and the village of Rotherhithe just some of the highlights to discover.

Chin Chin Labs’ liquid nitrogen ice cream

Indulge in an ice cream like no other at Chin Chin Labs in Camden. The original concoctions of this unusual ice cream parlour come to life thanks to the freezing properties of liquid nitrogen. You can see the process as you wait to be served, amid chemical clouds in the shop’s laboratory. Chin Chin Labs’ delicious creations come in quirky flavours such as watermelon and red velvet.

Wilton’s Music Hall

A traditional Victorian music hall in London’s Tower Hamlets, Wilton’s Music Hall has been fully restored in recent years to its former glory. Book tickets to a variety of performances, drop by for a drink in the impressive Mahogany Bar or simply take a tour of this wonderful, historic venue.

Kyoto Gardens in Holland Park

The Kyoto Japanese Garden is a hidden gem wrapped in another hidden gem: Holland Park. The beautiful park is tucked away in smart Kensington and has plenty of its own hidden corners, with winding paths, statues, peacocks, an opera house and an orangery, alongside the tranquil Kyoto Gardens.

Sir John Soane’s Museum

The former residence of Sir John Soane, architect of the Bank of England, is one of London’s finest public museums. More than 20,000 architectural drawings and antiquities, including the Egyptian Sarcophagus of Seti, sit alongside works by Turner, Canaletto and Piranesi at Sir John Soane’s Museum, where everything is left in much the way Soane wanted.

Dennis Severs’ House

One of London’s stranger tourist attractions is Dennis Severs’ House. Visitors are invited to wander around the artist’s former home, which is presented as if it has just been left by an 18th-century family, with food uneaten and beds recently slept in, making it one of the capital’s original immersive experiences.

Eltham Palace

The unusual blend of a medieval palace and an Art Deco mansion makes Eltham Palace one of the most unique historical properties in London. Once a favoured hunting spot of Henry VIII, the royal palace fell into decline until the 1930s when millionaires Stephen and Virginia Courtauld turned it into a glamourous home for entertaining leading society figures.

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Literature in Language Classroom: A Literary – Stylistic Approach https://www.icnaeducation.org/abstract-2nd-round/51-850/ https://www.icnaeducation.org/abstract-2nd-round/51-850/#respond Wed, 23 Dec 2020 08:07:22 +0000 https://www.icnaeducation.org/?p=5187 The post Literature in Language Classroom: A Literary – Stylistic Approach appeared first on 6th International Conference on New Approaches in Education.


Proceedings of ‏The 2nd International Conference on New Approaches in Education

Year: 2020


Fulltex PDF


Literature in Language Classroom: A Literary – Stylistic Approach

Dr. Tungesh G.M.



English language teachers in India are at the cross-roads. The subject, teaching of ‘literature through language’ or ‘teaching of language through literature’ is highly debatable in Indian ELT/ESL context. In the British administration in India, the main aim of teaching English was to develop ‘communicative competence’ among the learners; with this aim, the target language (English) is taught presently. It is worth asking our course designers if our English language programs are successful in the classrooms – be it in the higher secondary or in the graduate level programs. While teaching English, the teacher has to struggle in making an acquaintance with the ‘new/unfamiliar cultures’ available in the texts, and in making a familiarization of unfamiliar syntactic structures and other linguistic / stylistic aspects in the classroom. The stylistic choices in the texts, if we put a sincere effort, become interestingly the ‘sources’ for language teaching. In a contrast, the use of authentic texts and its importance in developing communicative competence is also stressed. In this attempt of making familiarization of ‘style’ in the class, teachers generally face the difficulty of ‘giving a sense of style’ to the students. If we can help students in identifying different cultures and linguistic/ literary style, would become a rewarding experience.

Keywords: Texts style pedagogy communicative competence familiarization creativity.

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Dr. Tungesh G.M.

Associate Professor (Senior Scale) Dept. of Humanities and Management Manipal Institute of
Technology Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, India

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